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Bibil Identifier bibil:73377
Publication Type Book
Title (English, Long) Gentile Impurities and Jewish Identities. Intermarriage and Conversion from the Bible to the Talmud
Author Hayes, Christine E.
Year (Publication) 2002
Year (Copyright) 2002
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2002
Year (Reference) 2002
Library BCU/Dorigny, Lausanne
Signature UPA 1026
Place 221.08
Publishing house Oxford University Press
Place Oxford et al.
ISBN 0-19-515120-8
Edition number 1
Language English
Pages 309 Pages
xiii Pages
height in cm 24
Genre Original
Abstract For more than a century, scholars of ancient Judaism and early Christianity have assumed that ancient Jews viewed Gentiles as ritually impure, and that this alleged principle of Gentile ritual impurity was the basis for a strict and burdensome policy of separation between Jews and non-Jews. The present volume corrects decades of erroneous scholarship on the question of Gentile ritual impurity and the history of Jewish perceptions of Gentiles in antiquity. Although purity and impurity were intimately connected with questions of identity and otherness in ancient Jewish culture, the terms “pure” and “impure” were employed in various ways by different groups of Jews to describe and inscribe sociocultural boundaries between Jews and Gentiles. Close analysis of biblical, Second Temple, New Testament, patristic, and rabbinic sources, shows that at least four distinct modes of impurity were associated with Gentiles by different groups – ritual impurity, moral impurity, genealogical impurity, and carnal impurity. This unexpected diversity of ancient Jewish views of Gentile impurity is tied to widely differing definitions of Jewish group identity and the access of Gentiles to that identity. Consequently, ancient Jews exhibited widely varying attitudes towards intermarriage and conversion – the two processes by which group boundaries might be penetrated. These diverse views of the permeability of the Jewish–Gentile boundary through intermarriage or conversion, deriving in turn from diverse conceptions of Gentile impurity and Jewish identity, contributed to the rise of sectarianism in Second Temple Judaism, and to the separation of the early church from what would later become rabbinic Judaism.
DOI 10.1093/0195151208.001.0001
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Themes : Purity - Impurity
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Themes : Purity - Impurity
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Themes : Marriage
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Themes : Foreigner
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Themes : Conversion
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Important Persons and Movements : Talmudic Period : Rabbinism
Last modification 2017-10-27