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Bibil Identifier bibil:256900
Publication Type Article of book
Title (English, Long) Proclus: The North African Montanist?
Author Manor, T. Scott
Edited book Papers presented at the Sixteenth International Conference on Patristic Studies held in Oxford 2011
Year (Reference) 2013
Language English
Pages 139-146 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract It is generally taken for granted that Proclus was the leader of a Montanist faction in Rome sometime around the end of the second century. This is primarily due to the evidence provided by Eusebius, who speaks of a work entitled Dialogue against Proclus, composed by a certain Gaius of Rome during the pontificate of Zephyrinus (Hist.eccl. II 25.6-7; III 28.1-2; III 31.4; VI 20.3). In turn, the brief notices and few quotations that Eusebius preserves of the Dialogue with Proclus have been understood as bearing direct attestation to Roman Montanism during the early years of the third century AD. Given the paucity of evidence concerning Roman Montanism at this time, Gaius’ Dialogue with Proclus would seem to be of immense value.

Yet while Eusebius makes it clear that Gaius was a representative of Roman orthodoxy, he never claims that Proclus also resided in this capital city. Other early sources also speak of Proclus, but none of these allude to his Roman provenance. In fact, as this article suggest, the extant evidence concerning this Montanist leader does not lead to the conclusion that Proclus resided in Rome, but rather that he was a Monatist representative in North Africa. In particular, I shall argue that the fragmentary remains of Gaius' Dialogue with Proclus exclude the possibility that he was located in Rome, and suggest to the contrary that Proclus' eschatological views approximated those of Tertullian in Carthage (Adv. Marc. III 24). Further evidence from the writings of Tertullian suggests that he knew Proclus personally (Adv. Val. 5). Thus, not only does the available evidence lead away from the conclusion that Proclus was Rome, it also raises some interesting considerations for the subject of Montanism in Rome at the beginning of the third century.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Graeco-Roman World : Literature - Philosophy : Proclus
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Christianity : Themes : Montanism
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Christianity : Ancient Christian Literature : Texts and Authors (Church Fathers) : Texts and Authors : Eusebius of Cesarea
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Christianity : Ancient Christian Literature : Texts and Authors (Church Fathers) : Texts and Authors : Tertullian
Last modification 2020-10-01