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Bibil Identifier bibil:249555
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Bar ʿEbroyo on Identity: Remarks on His Historical Writings
Author Weltecke, Dorothea
Journal Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies (Volume: 19, Issue: 2)
Year (Publication) 2016
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2016
Year (Copyright) 2016
Year (Reference) 2016
Language English
Pages 303-332 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract This paper analyses Maphrian Grigorios Bar ʿEbroyo's historical writing with regards to the construction of identity by focusing on his terminology and self-designations as well as his approach to important cities and other places of memory. In the overall structure of the chronicle, Bar ʿEbroyo reduces the lines of successions of the different empires found in his main source, the chronicle by Patriarch Michael I Rabo, and focuses on the different religions, Christian denominations, and events of the Eastern regions alone. He presents the maphrians as the authentic catholicoi against the claim of the Church of the East and as autonomous against the claims of the Syriac Orthodox Patriarchal See of Antioch. With Bar ʿEbroyo's treatment of the city of Tagrit he offers an interpretation that highlights Tagrit as being just as noble as Edessa, as a focal point of resistance to the "Nestorian heresy," as well as the only legitimate successor of See of Seleucia-Ctesiphon.
At the same time the self-designations and terminology he uses show different, overlapping fields of identity construction (historical, religious, confessional, linguistic). Thus the Syriac Orthodox identity represented here cannot be perceived of as being one religious or ethnic entity but was much more complex. In view of current debates it should be observed that Bar ʿEbroyo does not favor the term "Arameans" as a self-designation. His audience apparently did not identify with this term; they saw themselves as "Easterners." The position of the Syriac Orthodox in the East being rather vulnerable in the late 13th century, Bar ʿEbroyo's work offers at the same time an Eastern and a Christian identity on historical grounds, which is flexible and inclusive but also reflects the specific perspective of his community.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Bible (as a whole) : History of Interpretation and Reception : Important Persons : Middle Ages (8th -14th cent.) : Bar-Hebraeus (Gregory Abu'l Faradj)
Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Identity
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Ancient Near East (in general) : Themes : Arameans
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Last modification 2018-12-05