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Bibil Identifier bibil:246980
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Horned Figures Made of Stone from the Neolithic and Chalcolithic Periods and the Domestication of Sheep and Goat
Author Streit, Katharina
Journal Palestine Exploration Quarterly (Volume: 147, Issue: 1)
Year (Publication) 2015
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2015
Year (Copyright) 2015
Year (Reference) 2015
Language English
Pages 39-48 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract At the time of writing, fourteen horned figurines made of stone have been uncovered in eight archaeological sites of the Levant and southern Anatolia dating to the Pottery Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods (6th and 5th millennium cal bc). Their striking stylistic similarity, together with their low frequency, requires a detailed analysis. The figurines, produced of locally accessible stone, feature the head of a horned animal with characteristic spiralling horns. No comparable figurines manufactured of a different raw material like clay or ivory have been uncovered. Three typological groups can be distinguished based on the shape of the horns, possibly identified as Capra falconeri (Group 1) and Ovis aries orientalis (Groups 2 and 3) in different degrees of stylization. Recent genetic studies demonstrate that these species were progenitors of the domestic sheep and goat, respectively. Figurines of the second and third typological groups are pierced, which suggests that they were worn as personal ornaments. This paper draws attention to these figurines as a coherent group and suggests some possible meanings in proto-historic society. Their stylistic homogeneity is tentatively ascribed to a shared iconographic language across the Levant at the onset of agriculture.
DOI 10.1179/1743130114Y.0000000006
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Archaeology of Canaan-Israel : Themes : Statues
Last modification 2018-04-07