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Bibil Identifier bibil:246928
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) The 'Lord of the Stonemasons': Part I. The 'Sword Deity' at Petra
Author Wadeson, Lucy
Author Wenning, Robert
Journal Palestine Exploration Quarterly (Volume: 146, Issue: 1)
Year (Publication) 2014
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2014
Year (Copyright) 2014
Year (Reference) 2014
Language English
Pages 56-73 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract During the 2000 Season of the Brown University excavations of the so-called Great Temple at Petra, an elusive rock-cut figure (termed the ‘Sword Deity’) was discovered in the southern perimeter wall. Since then, the current authors have identified other such figures as belonging to this previously unknown type, which has similarities with the Greek herm. Based on a contextual analysis of these figures, it is proposed that the type may depict a protective deity or ‘lord’ of the Nabataean stonemasons, most likely Dushara. According to this interpretation, the stonemasons sought divine protection during their work by carving the image of the deity high in the rock faces. This paper sheds new light not only on the representation of Nabataean deities, but also on the role of religion in the daily life of the inhabitants of Petra and their relationship with the natural environment.
DOI 10.1179/0031032813Z.00000000078
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Petra
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Ancient Near East (in general) : Archaeology : Sites
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Ancient Near East (in general) : Themes : Nabateans
Links Online document (PDF, English)
Last modification 2017-12-11