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Bibil Identifier bibil:246087
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Jonah and Leviathan
Title (English, ) Inner-Biblical Allusions and the Problem with Dragons
Author Noegel, Scott B.
Journal Henoch. Studies in Judaism and Christianity from Second Temple to Late Antiquity (Volume: 37, Issue: 2)
Year (Publication) 2015
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2015
Year (Copyright) 2015
Year (Reference) 2015
Language English
Pages 236-260 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract Early Christian depictions of Jonah's "fish" as a sea dragon have long posed a problem for scholars. Some have explained it by pointing to the Septuagint's rendering of Jonah's "fish" as a κητος "sea creature." Yet this translation is itself problematic since it is completely out of step with treatments of the term דג "fish" elsewhere in the Bible. Others have opined the influence of Jewish midrashic traditions in which Leviathan plays a role in the Jonah story. However, said traditions cannot be dated before the 9th century CE - more than half a millennium after the artistic evidence. A new explanation offered here is that the Hebrew text of Jonah contains a number of linguistic and thematic features that allude to "Leviathan traditions" as found in several other biblical texts, and that these allusions encouraged the early identification of the דג as a sea monster. Thus, the article contributes additional evidence for the allusive sophistication of Jonah. It concludes by positing literary and theological reasons for the allusions.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Leviathan
Thesaurus BiBIL : Books of the Old Testament : Latter Prophets : Twelve Minor Prophets : Jonah
Terms דָּאג דג דאג
κῆτος κητος
Last modification 2017-10-27