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Bibil Identifier bibil:245645
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) The Meaning of ʾÔpan in Proverbs 20.26
Author Amzallag, Nissim
Author Yona, Shamir
Journal The Bible Translator (Volume: 67, Issue: 3)
Year (Publication) 2016
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2016
Year (Copyright) 2016
Year (Reference) 2016
Language English
Pages 292-302 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract Proverbs 20.26 allegorizes the optimal method of scattering the wicked by likening it to the wind-driven separation of chaff from grain. Since the word ʾôpan denotes the tool used for this process, it is proposed here that this term evokes a tuyere, a nozzle through which air is forced in a furnace, rather than a cartwheel, used for the threshing of grain. Functional affinities between ʾôpan and ʾap (= nose), the organ of blowing, together with the lack of a satisfying etymology for ʾôpan as a wheel, suggest that tuyere is the primary meaning of this noun in ancient Canaanite languages. Moreover, the similarity of ancient furnace nozzles to spokeless wheels suggests that the use of ʾôpan to denote a wheel is derived from the primary denotation of the word, a tuyere.
DOI 10.1177/2051677016650015
Pericopes Proverbs 20,26
Terms אוֹפָן אפן אופן
Last modification 2017-10-27