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Bibil Identifier bibil:245140
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Eshem-Bethel and Herem-Bethel: New Evidence from Amherst Papyrus 63
Author van der Toorn, Karel
Journal Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft (Volume: 128, Issue: 4)
Year (Publication) 2016
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2016
Year (Copyright) 2016
Year (Reference) 2016
Language English
Pages 668-680 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract The pluralism that characterized the religious life of the Jewish community at Elephantine (5th century BCE) included the veneration of Eshem-Bethel and Herem-Bethel. This contribution seeks to illuminate the identity of these gods on the basis of new evidence from the Aramaic texts in Demotic script known as papyrus Amherst 63. It shows that Eshem-Bethel and Herem-Bethel are particular manifestations of Bethel; the one in his role as fiery storm-god; the other in his capacity as sexual mate of a divine consort.
DOI 10.1515/zaw-2016-0037
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Ancient Near East (in general) : Languages / Epigraphy : Egyptian Languages : Demotic
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Ancient Near East (in general) : Religion : Goddess
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Egypt : Literature : Aramaic Papyri of Elephantine
Links Online document (PDF, English)
Last modification 2018-01-31