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Bibil Identifier bibil:239844
Publication Type Book
Title (English, Long) Evil Demons
Title (English, ) Canonical Utukkū Lemnūtu Incantations
Author Geller, Markham J.
Series State Archives of Assyria Cuneiform Texts (Volume: 5)
Year (Publication) 2007
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2007
Year (Copyright) 2007
Year (Reference) 2007
Library BCU/Dorigny, Lausanne
Signature USB 4148
Place 299.21
Publishing house The Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project
Place Helsinki
ISBN 978-952-10-1331-7
Edition number 1
Language English
Pages xxii Pages
310 Pages
height in cm 25
Genre Original
Notes Introduction, Cuneiform Text, and Transliteration with a Translation and Glossary
Abstract Everyone knows that all the ills of life, from headaches to athlete's foot and from minor annoyances (like a broken shoelace) to major catastrophes (like a fallen soufflé) are the result of Evil Demons at work. Call them what you will — gremlins, goblins, imps, afrit, rakshasas, poltergeists, whatever — these supernatural creatures taken ensemble account for all the world's misfortunes.
The ancient Sumerians and their cultural heirs, the Assyrians and Babylonians, knew this as well as anyone, and so they made an extensive collection of incantations to ward off or counteract the effects of Evil Demons. These incantations were recited by the exorcist (āšipu), doubtless accompanied by the appropriate ritual, to cast out the demon causing the problem. Indeed, the miraculous cures of Jesus were attributed to casting out demons and he passed this ability on to his disciples (Mark 16:17). So the casting out of demons has a lengthy history in the ancient Near East, and continues to this day.
There are many demons mentioned in the incantations, but prominent among them is Lilith, who, in her guise as Ardat Lilî or the Maiden Lilith, was the essential Mesopotamian temptress who copulated with men when they were asleep and bore demon children. According to some stories, Lilith was the first wife of Adam who ran off when she refused to be sugjugated to her husband. The tradition of Lilith continues today with most first wives being considered demons by their ex-husbands.
This work of scholarship contains eighty-eight pages of cuneiform text, most of it bilingual Sumerian-Akkadian. It also includes a transliteration and a translation of the text and a glossary to the Sumerian text. The Sumerian glossary gives the Sumerian word or phrase, the Akkadian equivalent used in the text, and the English meaning. A separate index to the Akkadian words in the glossary is provided.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Mesopotamia (Elam, Mari, Sumer, Babylon, Assyria) : Assyria : Religion
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Mesopotamia (Elam, Mari, Sumer, Babylon, Assyria) : Assyria : Literature : Rituals and Magical Texts : Incantations
Genres Edition (Original Text)
Modern Translation
Last modification 2017-10-27