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Bibil Identifier bibil:238270
Publication Type Article of book
Title (French, Long) La réception du concile de Nicée et son impact sur l’évolution des courants théologiques en Orient (325-381)
Author Martin, Annick
Edited book L'Orient chrétien de Constantin et d'Eusèbe de Césarée
Year (Reference) 2014
Language French
Pages 35-42 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract In 325, Constantine, the sole emperor, convened a general council in Nicaea in order to put an end to the dissensions that had split the Eastern Church for several years, and establish religious unity. Against Arius, a priest of Alexandria, who declared that the Son had been made by Father’s will and was subordinate to Him, the council declared the Son “begotten, not made”, that is “consubstantial (homoousios) with the Father”. The unanimity obtained by imperial pressure hid a deep discomfort because this non-scriptural term was understood as a monarchian term by the great majority of the bishops. Very soon, the struggle began again, and the monarchians were pushed aside, though the Creed of Nicaea was respected as long as Constantine lived. The disagreements continued under Constantius on the basis of a theology of conciliation, anti-homoousian and anti-arian. The “second Creed” of Antioch (341), founded on Scriptures, would be the point of reference in matters of creed for over ten years. But, with the Neo-Arians, the stance became more unbending as far as to declare that the Son be of a different substance (heteroousios) from the Father, resulting in a break of the consensus and the reaction of the homoioousians. A new current, denying all relation with ousia, gathered around the formula of “the Son like the Father (homoios) in everything”, formula adopted by the Council of Constantinople (360) in presence of Constantius, as the official Creed more suited to achieve unity. After his death, several homoians and homoioousians gathered to face radical Arianism. These Neo-Niceans succeeded in the Council of Constantinople (381), convened by emperor Theodosius, adopting a final Creed interpreted the Nicean homoousios in a new sense.
DOI 10.1484/J.AT.5.103171
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Christianity : Themes : Council
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Christianity : Themes : Arianism
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Christianity : Themes : Trinity
Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Nicaea (in Bithynia)
Last modification 2017-10-27