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Bibil Identifier bibil:238123
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) The Figure of Phinehas from Different Perspectives
Title (English, ) The Hero of His People in Num 25:6–13, Ps 106:28–31 and Sir. 45:23–26
Author Marttila, Marko
Journal Journal of Ancient Judaism (Volume: 5, Issue: 1)
Year (Publication) 2014
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2014
Year (Copyright) 2014
Year (Reference) 2014
Language English
Pages 2-24 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract Literary- and redaction-critical observations suggest that the story about Phinehas atoning for Israel (Num 25) is a late insert in the book of Numbers. Because of his reconciliatory act, Phinehas is promoted to a covenantal relationship with God. This means that Phinehas and his descendants will hold a perpetual priesthood. The next author who treats the story of Phinehas is the anonymous psalmist who wrote Ps 106. The psalmist mentions neither the covenant nor the perpetual priesthood of Phinehas’ family. Nonetheless, Phinehas was a hero and a righteous person to the psalmist because it was Phinehas’ intervention that put an end to a serious plague. It is
noteworthy that Ps 106 does not describe the cruel details of Phinehas’ deed. In the beginning of the second century B. C. E., Ben Sira highlights Phinehas in his lengthy work, "The Praise of the Ancestors" (Sir. 44–50). Just as in Ps 106, Ben Sira also leaves out the violent details of Phinehas’ intervention. For Ben Sira, Phinehas is a significant figure because Ben Sira favored the hereditary, Aaronite priesthood. Ben Sira makes a remarkable addition to his sources by claiming that Phinehas’ descendants would be granted an everlasting high priesthood. A statement like this links priestly and royal aspects tightly together.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Bible (as a whole) : Bible (as a whole) -- Hermeneutics - Methods : Methods : Diachronic Methods : Redaction Criticism (Redaktionsgeschichte)
Thesaurus BiBIL : Bible (as a whole) : Bible (as a whole) -- Hermeneutics - Methods : Methods : Synchronic Methods : Literary Criticism
Thesaurus BiBIL : Bible (as a whole) : Bible (as a whole) -- Hermeneutics - Methods : Hermeneutics : Intertextuality
Pericopes Numbers 25,6-25,13
Psalms 106,28-106,31
Sirach 45,23-45,26
Links Online document (PDF, English)
Last modification 2018-01-30