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Bibil Identifier bibil:238035
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Reclaiming the Land (1 Maccabees 15:28–36): Hasmonean Discourse between Biblical Tradition and Seleucid Rhetoric
Author Berthelot, Katell
Journal Journal of Biblical Literature (Volume: 133, Issue: 3)
Year (Publication) 2014
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2014
Year (Copyright) 2014
Year (Reference) 2014
Language English
Pages 539-559 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract The First Book of Maccabees (15:28–36) records a diplomatic exchange over disputed cities and territories between Simon, Judas Maccabeus's brother, and the Seleucid king Antiochus VII. In vv. 33–34, Simon argues that the Jews/Judeans have not seized foreign lands that belonged to others but have simply taken back "the heritage of our fathers." Many scholars have interpreted Simon's reply as a self-evident indication that the Hasmonean dynasty saw itself as reconquering the promised land. However, a closer analysis of the text shows that this claim is exaggerated. Moreover, scholars refer to this passage alone in support of such a theory. Through the analysis of the literary construction of the passage and of its connections with biblical traditions, with Seleucid rhetoric as presented in 1 Maccabees itself, and with Hellenistic arguments used in cases of territorial strife, I argue that "the heritage of our fathers" refers to Judea alone, and that Simon's discourse cannot be interpreted solely through the lens of biblical intertextuality but rather needs to be compared with the ways of arguing about one's legitimate right to possess a territory in the Hellenistic world at large.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : History of Canaan-Israel : Periods : Hellenistic Period (333-63) : From the 2d cent. to the Roman Dominion (200-63) : Hasmoneans
Pericopes 1 Maccabees 15,28-15,36
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Last modification 2018-02-27