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Bibil Identifier bibil:237850
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Textual Fluidity and Rewriting in Parallel Traditions
Title (English, ) The Case of Samuel and Chronicles
Author Nihan, Christophe
Journal Journal of Ancient Judaism (Volume: 4, Issue: 2)
Year (Publication) 2013
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2013
Year (Copyright) 2013
Year (Reference) 2013
Language English
Pages 186-209 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract This article addresses some key aspects of the relation between textual fluidity and rewriting in the Second temple period on the basis of the comparison between the David traditions in Samuel and in Chronicles. While the discovery of Sam manuscripts in Cave 4 of Khirbet Qumran (especially 4QSama) has made likely that Chr used a source distinct from Sam MT, recent debates about the character of 4QSama and literary revisions in Sam MT and LXX suggest that the fluidity of the David traditions at the time of Chr’s composition may in fact have been even more significant than previously assumed. Building on this, the article compares the rewriting of these David traditions in Sam and Chr; in particular, it argues that although the scope of such rewriting is usually much more significant in Chr, there are several passages where Chr preserves an account of David which is less expansionist than Sam MT, and sometimes even than any other ancient version of Sam, as already observed by S. L. McKenzie and others. The implications of this finding for the characterization of Chr as rewritten composition are explored in the last part of the article. Chr’s relation to Sam emerges as a paradigmatic – albeit by no means unique – example of the complex dynamics that unite a rewritten composition to its source; this finding questions any simple, straightforward relation between the development of rewritten compositions and the textual stabilization of the source(s) on which these compositions are based. Furthermore, while it is possible to understand what features, precisely, would have led the ancient audience of Chr to see that work as a new composition, rather than as a variant edition of its source, it is dubious that such features may be used to define a literary genre proper.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Themes : David
Thesaurus BiBIL : Books of the Old Testament : Former Prophets : Samuel
Thesaurus BiBIL : Books of the Old Testament : Writings : Chronicles
Thesaurus BiBIL : Bible (as a whole) : History of Interpretation and Reception : Methods of Interpretation : Rewritten Bible
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Qumran - Dead Sea : Texts : Texts : 4Q - Qumran Cave 4 : 4Q51-53 - Samuel
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Last modification 2018-03-29