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Bibil Identifier bibil:237846
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Qumran Calendars and the Creation
Title (English, ) A Study of 4QcryptA Lunisolar Calendar (4Q317)
Author Jacobus, Helen R.
Journal Journal of Ancient Judaism (Volume: 4, Issue: 1)
Year (Publication) 2013
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2013
Year (Copyright) 2013
Year (Reference) 2013
Language English
Pages 48-104 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract This paper re-examines 4QcryptA Lunisolar Calendar (4Q317), a scroll from Qumran in an esoteric Hebrew script with many emendations that aligns the moon’s daily waxing and waning to a 364-day calendar. It seeks to ascertain whether the calendar may be exegetically related to the Creation and also discusses the text’s arithmetical relationships with the cycles of the priestly courses from Qumran, possible intertextual allusions to other lunar calendars in the Dead Sea Scrolls (4QDaily Prayers [4Q503], 4QAstronomical Enocha–bar [4Q208–4Q209]), biblical passages, and parallels with another Mesopotamian calendar text. The first transcription of the largest fragments using a Cryptic A font is here published with a commentary (in the Appendix), focusing on the text’s unusual scribal features. A reconsideration of the calendar’s structure with
a new arrangement of its dates is presented.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Qumran - Dead Sea : Texts : Texts : 4Q - Qumran Cave 4 : 4Q317 - Phases of Moon
Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Moon
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Themes : Creation
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Last modification 2018-02-20