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Bibil Identifier bibil:236744
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) The Mesopotamian Background of the Enochic Giants and Evil Spirits
Author Drawnel, Henryk
Journal Dead Sea Discoveries (Volume: 21, Issue: 1)
Year (Publication) 2014
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2014
Year (Copyright) 2014
Year (Reference) 2014
Language English
Pages 14-38 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract In the myth of the fallen Watchers (1 En. 6–11) the giants, illegitimate offspring of the fallen angels, are depicted as exceedingly violent beings that consume the labour of all the sons of men. They also kill men, devour them, and drink blood. Finally, they sin against all the animals of the earth. The violent behaviour of the giants in 1 En. 7:2–5 continues in 1 En. 15:11 where the spirits of the giants attack humanity, thus it appears that the spirits behave in a manner similar to that of the giants. The present article argues that the description of the giants in 1 En. 7:2–5 and their spirits in 15:11 is modeled after the violent behaviour of the demons found in the Mesopotamian bilingual series Utukkū Lemnūtu. The giants, therefore, are not to be identified with the Mesopotamian warrior-kings, but their behaviour rather indicates that they actually are violent and evil demons.
DOI 10.1163/15685179-12341263
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Themes : Demon
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Mesopotamia (Elam, Mari, Sumer, Babylon, Assyria) : Mesopotamia (in general) : Literature : Rituals and Magical Texts : Incantations
Pericopes 1 Enoch (Ethiopic Apocalypse) 6-11
Last modification 2017-10-27