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Bibil Identifier bibil:229530
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Paul's "Indebtedness" to the Barbarian (Rom 1:14) in Latin West Perspective
Author Harrison, James R.
Journal Novum Testamentum. An International Quarterly for New Testament and Related Studies (Volume: 55, Issue: 4)
Year (Publication) 2013
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2013
Year (Copyright) 2013
Year (Reference) 2013
Language English
Pages 311-348 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract In moving the geographical focus of his mission from the Greek East to the Latin West (Rom 15:23-24, 28; cf. 1:9-10, 13), Paul states that he was indebted to “Greek and barbarian” (1:14). Paul’s language of “indebtedness” not only relativises the ethnic and linguistic divide of antiquity (v. 14 a), but also cultural and educational stereotypes, including the denigration of barbarians (v. 14 b). The apostle’s thought here should not be restricted to the evangelisation of the Latin West and the pastoral care of its churches, even though that is the focus of the pericope (vv. 8b-9a, 11-12a, 13b, 15-17). His language of “indebtedness” occurs in various contexts, several of them social (1:14a; 4:4; 13:8; 15:1, 27). It evokes the world of Roman political and social parlance, with its interplay of imperial patronage and the reciprocation of favour in the western provinces where many barbarian tribes resided. After examining renderings of barbarians in select Roman writers and the Augustan triumphal iconography, the article explores the notion of “obligation” in the Gallic and Spanish inscriptions.The author proposes that Romans 1:14 articulates what “indebtedness” meant for the believer’s mission to the marginalised people groups outside of the body of Christ. This would enable Paul’s house-churches not only to embrace the peoples from barbarian tribes with whom the Romans had patronal relations, but also those tribes in the Latin West whom the Romans had punished for their non-compliance.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Books of the New Testament : Letters of Paul : Romans
Thesaurus BiBIL : Bible (as a whole) : Bible (as a whole) -- Hermeneutics - Methods : Methods : Diachronic Methods : Socio-historical Criticism
Thesaurus BiBIL : Bible (as a whole) : Bible (as a whole) -- Hermeneutics - Methods : Hermeneutics : Philosophy
Thesaurus BiBIL : New Testament (Introduction) : Archaeology (Christianity)
Pericopes Romans 1,14
Romans 4,4
Romans 8,12
Romans 15,1
Romans 15,27
Romans 13,8-13,10
Last modification 2017-10-27