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Bibil Identifier bibil:229342
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Josephus Constructs the Samari(t)ans
Title (English, ) A Strategic Construction of Judaean/Jewish Identity through the Rhetoric of Inclusion and Exclusion
Author Lim, Sung Uk
Journal The Journal of Theological Studies (Volume: 64, Issue: 2)
Year (Publication) 2013
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2013
Year (Copyright) 2013
Year (Reference) 2013
Language English
Pages 404-431 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract In this essay I argue that Josephus performs a dual dynamic discourse made up of the discourses of inclusion and exclusion in various dimensions—ethnic, geographical, political, religious, and cultural—so as eventually to construct Judaean/Jewish identity in both an inclusive and exclusive relationship with the Samarians/Samaritans in the context of the destruction of the Second Temple. What is interesting is that Josephus does not deploy the rhetoric of inclusion and the rhetoric of exclusion in a dichotomous manner (sameness vs. difference), but along a continuum with varying degrees of both sameness and difference. It is assumed that the boundary per se between Judaeans/Jews and Samarians/Samaritans is fictive and fluid rather than real and fixed. Therefore, Josephus’ attitudes towards the Samarians/Samaritans can be inclusive at times and exclusive at other times, depending on a specific context. The point is that for Josephus, Judaean/Jewish identity-making consists of the twofold process of both assimilation with and distinction from the Samarians/Samaritans. In this regard, Josephus makes the most of the Samarians/Samaritans as a foil against which the Judaean/Jewish people may establish a strategic construction of their identity.
DOI DOI:10.1093/jts/flt083
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Religious Parties and Movements : Hellenistic Judaism : Josephus
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Religious Parties and Movements : Samaritans
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Themes : Identity
Last modification 2017-10-27