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Bibil Identifier bibil:229274
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Visuality, Vivid Description, and the Message of 1 Peter: The Significance of the Roaring Lion (1 Peter 5:8)
Author Horrell, David G.
Author Arnold, Bradley
Author Williams, Travis B.
Journal Journal of Biblical Literature (Volume: 132, Issue: 3)
Year (Publication) 2013
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2013
Year (Copyright) 2013
Year (Reference) 2013
Language English
Pages 697-716 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract In a world in which it was believed that the mind was a storehouse of visual images, the ancient rhetorical technique of ἔκφρασις was understood as a way of exploiting this mental visual library through evoking images connected to a web of cultural associations. Vivid, visual depiction could therefore play an important role in powerfully persuading an audience. This article explores the function of the “roaring lion” image in 1 Pet 5:8 as an example of this type of vivid description. We first outline the technique of ἔκφρασις and make the case for seeing 1 Pet 5:8 as an example of this. Then, after showing that leonine imagery was pervasive across a variety of visual media in the Greco-Roman world, we argue that the description would have most likely called to mind the wild animal fights and ad bestias executions that took place in the Roman arenas and theaters across Asia Minor, as well as elsewhere. With its strategic and climactic placement in the closing section of the letter body, the vivid image of a “roaring lion” can be seen to encapsulate an important and central aspect of the epistle’s overall message. Our examination therefore calls for a reassessment of the importance of 1 Pet 5:8–9 in conveying this message.
DOI 10.1353/jbl.2013.0046
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Books of the New Testament : Catholic Epistles : Epistles of Peter : 1 Peter
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Graeco-Roman World : Literature - Philosophy : Rhetoric
Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Lion
Pericopes 1 Peter 5,8
Last modification 2017-10-27