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Bibil Identifier bibil:227548
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Reciprocity as Salvation: Christ as Salvific Patron and the Corresponding 'Payback' Expected of Christ's Earthly Clients according to the Second Letter of Clement
Author Kelhoffer, James A.
Journal New Testament Studies (Volume: 59, Issue: 3)
Year (Publication) 2013
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2013
Year (Copyright) 2013
Year (Reference) 2013
Language English
Pages 433-456 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract This article analyzes the widely misunderstood concept of ‘payback’ or ‘repayment’ (ἀντιμισθία) that, according to the so-called Second Letter of Clement, believers owe to Christ. Much of the secondary literature is laden with theological polemics (e.g. the author perverts Paul's gospel of grace), rather than an attempt to understand this concept relative to social relationships in antiquity. I argue that Second Clement presents Christ as salvific benefactor and patron. Christ offers salvation to those who accept the terms of his patronage, terms that include the obligation to render ‘payback’—for example, in the form of praise, witness, loyalty, and almsgiving. A failure to accept these terms would jeopardize the relationship between Christ and his earthly clients and thus call their salvation into question. As a corollary, I propose that a likely purpose for Second Clement was to convince a Christian audience that the benefits of salvation come with recurring obligations to Christ, their salvific patron.
DOI 10.1017/S0028688512000380
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Christianity : Ancient Christian Literature : Apostolic Fathers : Letters of Clement : 2 Clement
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Christianity : Themes : Salvation
Thesaurus BiBIL : New Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Paul
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Christianity : Ancient Christian Literature : Texts and Authors (Church Fathers) : Texts and Authors : Theophilus of Antioch
Terms κριτής κριτης
ἀντιμισθία αντιμισθια
Last modification 2017-10-27