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Bibil Identifier bibil:227335
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Ezekiel 29:3 and Its Ancient Near Eastern Context
Author Yoder, Tyler R.
Journal Vetus Testamentum (Volume: 63, Issue: 3)
Year (Publication) 2013
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2013
Year (Copyright) 2013
Year (Reference) 2013
Language English
Pages 486–496 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract The chief aim of this essay is to posit a well-known Mesopotamian royal and divine epithet, ušumgallu “great dragon,” as the source behind Ezekiel’s enigmatic description of Pharaoh in 29.3, hattannīn haggādôl, “the great dragon.” This relationship sheds new light and meaning on an old problem: why does Ezekiel refer to Pharaoh as a dragon? Rather than viewing this prophetic expression as a pejorative, the cognate evidence argues for the converse by rooting it in an enduring tradition of regal titles. Replicating Akkadian ušumgallu (Sumerian UŠUM.GAL) as efficiently as possible and drawing upon Israelite cosmological history (viz. Gen. 1.21a), Ezekiel feigned including Pharaoh within a venerable, long line of Mesopotamian kings and deities to receive this title. Instead, and as is characteristic of Ezekiel’s rhetoric, he upended the putative associations of the “great dragon,” thereby exposing its true subordinate position under the hegemony of YHWH.
DOI 10.1163/15685330-12341121
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Egypt : Themes : Pharaoh
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Ancient Near East (in general) : Languages / Epigraphy : Semitic Languages : North-East Semitic : Akkadian
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Mesopotamia (Elam, Mari, Sumer, Babylon, Assyria) : Mesopotamia (in general) : Religion
Pericopes Ezekiel 29,3
Ezekiel 32,2
Genesis 1,21
Terms תַּנִּין תנין תנים
Last modification 2017-10-27