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Bibil Identifier bibil:227207
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) New Discoveries at Horvat Burgin in the Judean Shephelah: Tombs, Hiding Complexes, and Graffiti
Author Zissu, Boaz
Author et al.
Journal Palestine Exploration Quarterly (Volume: 145, Issue: 1)
Year (Publication) 2013
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2013
Year (Copyright) 2013
Year (Reference) 2013
Language English
Pages 29-52 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract Horvat Burgin (Khirbet Umm Burj) occupies the summit of a hill in the Judean Shephelah. This article presents the results of archaeological fieldwork undertaken by the authors from 1995 to 2008, focusing on rock-cut underground cavities that had served as burial caves, hiding complexes, and agricultural installations. Most of the features discussed had been plundered; only one burial complex was found sealed. The article reviews the main issues published in Hebrew in preliminary form, and presents for the first time the following results:
  • The stratigraphy revealed in a probing excavation of a residential area; a special find: a short ink inscription in Latin, on a handle of a locally produced storage jar.
  • The relationship between the residential area and the hiding system hewn underneath it.
  • An inscription in the cursive Jewish script incised on a doorjamb of an underground room in the system.
  • Some outstanding burial caves and three recently looted tombs: one from the late Second Temple period; two others from the late Roman period, with schematic ornamentation executed in relief on their walls.
  • Two inscriptions in the ancient Asomtavruli Georgian script of the late tenth or early eleventh century CE, incised on the walls of a bell-shaped cistern.
This information enables a fresh overview of the history of the site during the Roman and Byzantine periods, and a discussion of its possible historical—geographical identification as the Second Temple period village of Kefar Bish (Καφαραβìς).
DOI 10.1179/0031032812Z.00000000028
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Archaeology of Canaan-Israel : Sites
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Archaeology of Canaan-Israel : Themes : Burial (Places and Customs)
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Archaeology of Canaan-Israel : Periods : Hellenistic Period (332-37)
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Archaeology of Canaan-Israel : Periods : Roman Period (37 BCEE- 324 CE.) : Roman II, III (70-324)
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Archaeology of Canaan-Israel : Periods : Byzantine Period (324-640)
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Archaeology of Canaan-Israel : Periods : Arabic Period (640-1099)
Last modification 2017-10-27