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Bibil Identifier bibil:227205
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Solving a Century-Old Puzzle: New Discoveries at the Middle Bronze Gate of Tel Beth-Shemesh
Author Bunimovitz, Shlomo
Author Lederman, Zvi
Journal Palestine Exploration Quarterly (Volume: 145, Issue: 1)
Year (Publication) 2013
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2013
Year (Copyright) 2013
Year (Reference) 2013
Language English
Pages 6-24 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract At Ain Shems (Beth-Shemesh) in 1911‐1912, Duncan Mackenzie exposed a massive city wall and its ‘South Gate’. Mackenzie published only a schematic plan of the gate, which he dated back to the ‘Canaanite period’, and covered it at the end of his work. The gate comprises one of the finest examples of Middle Bronze city gates known from the Land of Israel, yet its asymmetrical plan and final date of use remained a puzzle for almost a century. Combining archaeological clues on the ground with a study of Mackenzie's unpublished documents in the PEF archive, the authors' renewed excavations at Tel Beth-Shemesh, located the hidden ‘South Gate’ and exposed it anew. The new excavation revealed unknown details about the gate's plan and determined Late Bronze IIA as the terminus ad quem for its function as a gate. A reassessment of the ‘South Gate’ architecture, roofing, and system of closure provides new insights concerning its daily functioning, and raises doubts about the conventional uniform reconstruction of known MB gates. The role of Beth-Shemesh as a fortified MBIIB-C city in the northern Shephelah is discussed vis-à-vis its neighbouring sites: Tel Batash, Tel Miqne, and Gezer.
DOI 10.1179/0031032812Z.00000000031
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Archaeology of Canaan-Israel : Periods : Bronze Age (3150-1200) : Middle Bronze (2200-1550)
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Archaeology of Canaan-Israel : Sites : Sites (A ? B) : Beth-Shemesh / Ain Shems / Tell Rumeileh
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Archaeology of Canaan-Israel : Themes : Fortifications
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Archaeology of Canaan-Israel : Themes : Ceramics
Last modification 2017-10-27