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Bibil Identifier bibil:227142
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) 'In Thy Blood, Live!'. Ḥaroset and the Blood Libels
Author Weingarten, Susan
Journal Revue des études juives (Volume: 172, Issue: 1-2)
Year (Publication) 2013
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2013
Year (Copyright) 2013
Year (Reference) 2013
Language English
Pages 83-100 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract Mediaeval European blood libels often accused Jews of murdering Christian children, and using their blood for baking Passover maṣṣot. Some accusations, however, centred on ḥaroset, the reddish-brown dip eaten at the seder. This was said to be made of the head and entrails of murdered Christian children. This paper traces a Jewish literary tradition connecting ḥaroset with blood and dead babies, and a Jewish food tradition of eating animal entrails in the afternoon before the seder. Both these traditions appear to date back to the fourth century. There is also evidence that fourth-century Christians accused Gnostics, a group on the fringes between Judaism and Christianity, of eating dead babies in a ḥaroset-like mixture. In light of this, the paper asks whether mediaeval accusations of Jewish cannibalistic feasts at Passover can now be traced back to the Christian fourth century.
DOI 10.2143/REJ.172.1.2979741
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Themes : Passover
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Christianity : Themes : Jewish-Christian Relations
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Themes : Blood
Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Food
Last modification 2017-10-27