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Bibil Identifier bibil:226843
Publication Type Article of book
Title (English, Long) David’s Triumph Over Goliath: 1 Samuel 17:54 and Ancient Near Eastern Analogues
Author Hoffmeier, James K.
Congress volume Egypt, Canaan and Israel: History, Imperialism, Ideology and Literature
Year (Reference) 2011
Language English
Pages 87-114 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract The Story of David and Goliath is surely one of the best-known dramatic narratives in the Bible. Biblical scholars and archaeologists have investigated the duel from the perspective of archaeology, especially concentrating on the weaponry involved. One aspect of the story that has not been sufficiently studied and clarified is found in 1 Samuel 17:54, which reads, “David took the head of the Philistine and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his armor in his tent.” These rather enigmatic statements will be the focus of this paper. We will investigate what is the significance of removing Goliath’s head to Jerusalem, a Jebusite stronghold, and we will attempt to resolve the question of “whose tent” was taken and why. By carefully examining the text of 1 Samuel 17:54 and offering some contextual data about ancient Near Eastern military practice, we will attempt to answer what was behind David’s strange antics after slaying the Philistine champion. Furthermore, these questions will be examined within the present debate about the historiographical value of 1 Samuel 17 as raised by I. Finkelstein and A. Yadin who have independently proposed Greek influence on the biblical narrative.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Egypt : Literature : Myths and Narratives : Travel Narratives : Tale of Sinuhe
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Egypt : History and Civilization : New Empire (18th-20th Dynasties)
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Mesopotamia (Elam, Mari, Sumer, Babylon, Assyria) : Assyria : History and Civilization : 1st millennium : Dominion of the New Assyrian Empire
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Themes : Enemy
Pericopes 1 Samuel 17,54
Last modification 2017-10-27