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Bibil Identifier bibil:226296
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) How the Devil Got His Hooves and Horns: The Origin of the Motif and the Implied Demonology of 3 Baruch
Author Kulik, Alexander
Journal Numen. International Review for the History of Religions (Volume: 60, Issue: 2-3)
Year (Publication) 2013
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2013
Year (Copyright) 2013
Year (Reference) 2013
Language English
Pages 195-229 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract This paper reexamines the problem of the origins of a popular medieval and modern image of the devil as an anthropomorphic creature with hooves and horns and seeks to reconstruct the analogous ancient image of a satyr-like devil as it could be witnessed in diverse sources, including Hellenistic mythology, rabbinic legends, and early Christian texts. It seems that, not belonging completely to any of these worlds, this therianthropic motif emerges from a complicated literary history wherein Greco-Roman Pan, Jewish seirim, and other mythological figures graft themselves and their imagery around the forces of the demonic. The main argument of the paper as a whole centers around the place of 3 Baruch in this complicated history. This composition may contain the only physical description and detailed treatment of demonic seirim-satyrs in early Jewish literature and the earliest notion of satyr-like demons available to us.
DOI 10.1163/15685276-12341263
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha : Apocryphal Texts relating to Old Testament Characters or Events : Texts : Jeremiah-Baruch : Greek Apocalypse of Baruch / 3 Baruch
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Themes : Demon
Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Animal
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Christianity : Themes : Demon
Last modification 2017-10-27