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Bibil Identifier bibil:224717
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Commentary Culture in the Land of Israel from an Alexandrian Perspective
Author Niehoff, Maren R.
Journal Dead Sea Discoveries (Volume: 19, Issue: 3)
Year (Publication) 2012
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2012
Year (Copyright) 2012
Year (Reference) 2012
Language English
Pages 442-463 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract This article investigates the development of commentary culture in the Land of Israel from an Alexandrian perspective. While both the rabbis and the exegetes at Qumran developed forms of systematic commentary, they differ in important respects. I argue that there are significant similarities between rabbinic exegesis and the commentary culture of Alexandria, both Homeric and biblical, while Qumranic exegesis can be characterized as prophetic. The Alexandrians and the rabbis explained their canonical text from within itself and appreciated it as a literary work. This implies that a human author with a distinct style is assumed and that problems of contradictions as well as verisimilitude are explicitly addressed. The particular form of rabbinic exegesis, which is novel in the Land of Israel, thus seems to have resulted from a lively engagement with Hellenistic culture. In Qumran, on the other hand, prophetic forms of commentary were prevalent. The exegete does not inquire into the biblical text from within itself, but assumes prophetic authority, which enables him to reveal the “secrets“ of the text and gain direct access to God's wisdom. Biblical lemmata are directly applied to contemporary events, while textual problems or literary questions are not explicitly addressed.
DOI 10.1163/15685179-12341239
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Alexandria
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Comprehensive Studies : Jewish Exegesis
Thesaurus BiBIL : Bible (as a whole) : History of Interpretation and Reception : Methods of Interpretation : Pesher
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Qumran - Dead Sea : Texts : Texts : 1Q - Qumran Cave 1 : 1QpHab - Pesher on Habakkuk
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Qumran - Dead Sea : Texts : Texts : 4Q - Qumran Cave 4 : 4Q252-254 - Commentary on Genesis
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Literature : Midrash : Exegetical Midrashim : Genesis Rabba (GenR)
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Graeco-Roman World : Literature - Philosophy : Homer
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Religious Parties and Movements : Hellenistic Judaism : Philo of Alexandria
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Religious Parties and Movements : Hellenistic Judaism : Demetrius the Chronographer
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Religious Parties and Movements : Hellenistic Judaism
Last modification 2017-10-27