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Bibil Identifier bibil:224715
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) The Pesharim and the Rise of Commentary in Early Jewish Scriptural Interpretation
Author Jassen, Alex P.
Journal Dead Sea Discoveries (Volume: 19, Issue: 3)
Year (Publication) 2012
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2012
Year (Copyright) 2012
Year (Reference) 2012
Language English
Pages 363-398 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract This article is aimed at contextualizing the pesharim as commentaries within the history of early Jewish scriptural interpretation. Jews in the Second Temple period on the whole engaged with their sacred scriptures through the exegetical technique of rewriting the sacred base texts. In contrast, the pesharim make a clear distinction between the lemma that is the object of interpretation and the interpretation itself. This article addresses broadly the appropriateness of the classification of the pesharim as commentaries within the context of classical, Jewish, and Christian commentaries in the ancient world. It then seeks to account for the historical emergence of the pesharim as commentaries in the setting of early Jewish scriptural interpretation. This article argues for renewed attention to ancient Near Eastern dream and omen interpretation as the most plausible historical influence on the commentary form as encountered in the pesharim. It is suggested that the pesharim reflect a systematic incorporation of several recurring structural and formal elements found in ancient Near Eastern and Second Temple period dream and omen literature. The appropriation by the pesharim of formal features and hermeneutical techniques from dream and omen interpretation is further situated in the broader setting of the increased textualization of dreams and prophecy in Second Temple Judaism and its influence on methods of Jewish scriptural interpretation.
DOI 10.1163/15685179-12341237
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Bible (as a whole) : History of Interpretation and Reception : Methods of Interpretation : Pesher
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Literature : Genres and Forms : Pesher
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Comprehensive Studies : Jewish Exegesis
Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Dream
Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Divination
Thesaurus BiBIL : Books of the Old Testament : Writings : Daniel
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Ancient Near East (in general) : Themes
Last modification 2017-10-27