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Bibil Identifier bibil:224714
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) The Qumran Pesharim as Biblical Commentaries. Historical Context and Lines of Development
Author Machiela, Daniel A.
Journal Dead Sea Discoveries (Volume: 19, Issue: 3)
Year (Publication) 2012
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2012
Year (Copyright) 2012
Year (Reference) 2012
Language English
Pages 313-362 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract Past study of the pesharim from Qumran as biblical commentaries has comprised a number of scholarly approaches and proposed lines of influence. Two major areas of focus in this regard have been various ancient Near Eastern (Mesopotamian and Egyptian) texts on the one hand, and, more recently, Hellenistic commentaries on the other. Only intermittently have earlier studies included close examination of the modi operandi and content of this literature in comparison with the pesharim. This article undertakes a more comprehensive and detailed comparison of the pesharim with relevant ancient Near Eastern and Hellenistic texts than found in earlier studies, attempting to identify salient similarities and differences. While the pesharim bear the unmistakable influence of Jewish Aramaic dream-vision interpretation at the micro-exegetical level, this connection fails to adequately account for the pesharim as whole texts. Here Hellenistic commentaries may have proven influential, though the correlation is far from complete and the Egyptian Demotic Chronicle warns against too confidently drawing lines of direct influence.
DOI 10.1163/15685179-12341236
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Bible (as a whole) : History of Interpretation and Reception : Methods of Interpretation : Pesher
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Ancient Near East (in general) : Themes
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Literature : Genres and Forms : Vision Report
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Religious Parties and Movements : Hellenistic Judaism : Philo of Alexandria
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Graeco-Roman World : Literature - Philosophy
Last modification 2017-10-27