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Bibil Identifier bibil:224713
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Akkadian Commentaries from Ancient Mesopotamia and Their Relation to Early Hebrew Exegesis
Author Gabbay, Uri
Journal Dead Sea Discoveries (Volume: 19, Issue: 3)
Year (Publication) 2012
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2012
Year (Copyright) 2012
Year (Reference) 2012
Language English
Pages 267–312 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract Commentaries from ancient Mesopotamia, written in cuneiform script and in the Akkadian language, are known from the eighth century B.C.E. up to the last centuries B.C.E. The article investigates the authority of the texts about which commentaries are known, often considered canonical and divine, vis-à-vis the authority of the commentaries themselves, considered oral tradition transmitted by scholars. This is comparable to the authority of the biblical texts that serve as the base for early Jewish interpretations, and to the authority of the commentaries containing these interpretations, both in Qumran and in early Rabbinic literature. The article also surveys and analyzes various hermeneutical terms and techniques found in ancient Mesopotamian commentaries in relation to early Jewish commentaries. In addition, the article discusses the pesharim from Qumran in their divinatory context, in light of omen interpretations from Mesopotamia which use the noun pišru.
DOI 10.1163/15685179-12341235
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Bible (as a whole) : History of Interpretation and Reception : Methods of Interpretation : Pesher
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Mesopotamia (Elam, Mari, Sumer, Babylon, Assyria) : Mesopotamia (in general) : Literature
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Comprehensive Studies : Jewish Exegesis
Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Oral Tradition
Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Divination
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Ancient Near East (in general) : Themes : Scribe
Last modification 2017-10-27