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Bibil Identifier bibil:224522
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) The Merkabah as a Substitute for Messianism in Targum Ezekiel?
Author Damsma, Alinda
Journal Vetus Testamentum (Volume: 62, Issue: 4)
Year (Publication) 2012
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2012
Year (Copyright) 2012
Year (Reference) 2012
Language English
Pages 515-533 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract This article questions the theory that Targum Ezekiel holds a distinctive position within the corpus of Targum Jonathan to the Prophets with regard to Messianism. According to the hitherto unchallenged studies by Samson Levey, Targum Ezekiel is proof that Merkabah mysticism functioned as a substitute for Messianism after the cataclysm of 70 CE. This theological shift was supposedly instigated by R. Yohanan b. Zakkai at a time when messianic speculations had become doctrinally too dangerous. However, the present study shows that the lack of Messianism already goes back to the Hebrew Vorlage itself. A thorough examination of Targum Ezekiel's translational strategy reveals further that the targumist in fact had a keen eye for the actual meaning of the few messianic references. On the strength of these and other findings it is argued that Targum Ezekiel's approach to Messianism is not at odds with the rest of the corpus.
DOI 10.1163/156853312X645290
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Text : Ancient Recensions and Versions : Targums : Targum Jonathan
Thesaurus BiBIL : Books of the Old Testament : Latter Prophets : Ezekiel
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Themes : Messiah
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Themes : Messiah
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Themes : Merkabah
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Themes : Mysticism
Last modification 2017-10-27