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Bibil Identifier bibil:224392
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Origen, Greek Philosophy, and the Birth of the Trinitarian Meaning of Hypostasis
Author Ramelli, Ilaria L.E.
Journal Harvard Theological Review (Volume: 105, Issue: 3)
Year (Publication) 2012
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2012
Year (Copyright) 2012
Year (Reference) 2012
Language English
Pages 302-350 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract Origen, far from being a precursor of “Arianism,” as he was depicted during the Origenist controversy and is often still misrepresented today, was the main inspirer of the Nicene-Cappadocian line. The Trinitarian formulation of this line, which was represented above all by Gregory of Nyssa, is that God is one and the same nature or essence (μία οὐσία) in three individual substances (τρεῖς ὑποστάσεις), and that the Son is ὁμοούσιος to the Father. Indeed, the three members of the Trinity share in the same. This formulation was followed by Basil in his last phase; Didymus, Gregory of Nazianzus from 362 onwards; Evagrius; and numerous later authors. Origen himself had already maintained both things: that the Father, the Son, and the Spirit have the same οὐσία but are three different ὑποστάσεις, and Gregory of Nyssa closely followed him. As I set out to argue, Origen’s thought represented a novel and fundamental theorization with respect to the communality of οὐσία and the individuality of ὑποστάσεις conceived as individual substances, in the Trinity. He influenced not only subsequent Trinitarian theology, but perhaps even “pagan” Neoplatonism. (Likewise, on the christological side, Annewies van den Hoek has insightfully demonstrated the importance of Origen in asking—and endeavoring to answer—the question of the unification of humanity and divinity in Christ, and Origen’s influence on later formulations.)
DOI 10.1017/S0017816012000120
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Christianity : Ancient Christian Literature : Texts and Authors (Church Fathers) : Texts and Authors : Origen
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Christianity : Themes : Trinity
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Graeco-Roman World : Literature - Philosophy : Philosophy : Neoplatonism
Pericopes Hebrews 1,3
Terms ὑπόστασις υποστασις
Last modification 2017-10-27