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Bibil Identifier bibil:223828
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Raphael, Azariah and Jesus of Nazareth: Tobit's Significance for Early Christology
Author Muñoa, Phillip
Journal Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha (Volume: 22, Issue: 1)
Year (Publication) 2012
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2012
Year (Copyright) 2012
Year (Reference) 2012
Language English
Pages 3-39 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract This article demonstrates that the apocryphal text of Tobit sheds important light on notions of deliverance that were emerging in Second Temple Judaism. Raphael, the angel-deliverer of Tobit, depicts a stage in the development of angelic mediation that stands apart from angelic deliverers in previous Jewish texts, and can be significantly associated with early Christianity's view of Jesus. Here, for the first time, is a heavenly being who appears as a nondescript Israelite and brings news of hope, healing and demonic liberation to suffering Israelites of little account. Raphael offers a precedent for Christian accounts that the historical Jesus was a preexistent savior who lived as a simple Israelite.
DOI 10.1177/0951820712458630
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Themes : Angel
Thesaurus BiBIL : Books of the Old Testament : Deuterocanonical : Tobit
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Themes : Messianism
Last modification 2017-10-27