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Bibil Identifier bibil:222748
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) The Use of Greek at Qumran
Title (English, ) Manuscript and Epigraphic Evidence for a Marginalized Language
Author Richey, Matthew
Journal Dead Sea Discoveries (Volume: 19, Issue: 2)
Year (Publication) 2012
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2012
Year (Copyright) 2012
Year (Reference) 2012
Language English
Pages 177-197 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract Treatments of language use at Qumran have tended to marginalize the evidence for Greek language use among the Covenanters, on the basis of the observation that far more of the surviving texts are written in Hebrew or Aramaic. This paper examines the meager evidence for Greek use at the site—including the sole Greek documentary text, 4Q350, recently published epigraphic evidence, and the enigmatic Greek letters of the Copper Scroll (3Q15)—in an attempt to recognize the importance of Greek for everyday intramural business and for maintaining economic contact with exterior communities. Manuscript and epigraphic survivals demonstrate that the Covenanters’ use of Greek can be characterized as primarily occurring in the context of day-to-day economic transactions, business, and trade. The evidence suggests that, like the Bar Kokhba rebels, the Covenanters attempted to “purify” their discourse and way of life, but economic realities nevertheless encouraged periodic communication in the Greek language.
DOI 10.1163/156851712X644640
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Qumran - Dead Sea : Texts : Texts : 4Q - Qumran Cave 4 : 4Q350-358 - Fragments of Accounts
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Qumran - Dead Sea : Texts : Texts : 3Q - Qumran Cave 3 : 3Q15 - Copper Scroll
Last modification 2017-10-27