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Bibil Identifier bibil:222579
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Patrilineal or Matrilineal Genealogy in Israel after Ezra
Author Heger, Paul
Journal Journal for the Study of Judaism (Volume: 43, Issue: 2)
Year (Publication) 2012
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2012
Year (Copyright) 2012
Year (Reference) 2012
Language English
Pages 215-248 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract In this exploration of rabbinic attitudes toward the patrilineal or matrilineal determination of ethnic identity, the author affirms that Ezra did not introduce the idea of matrilineal identity and that he did not expel non-Israelite women in an effort to ensure racial purity, as some scholars argue. Ezra's goal in expelling these women and their children, despite the latter's Jewish identity as the offspring of Jewish fathers, was to reduce pagan influences on the Israelite community by avoiding social contacts with surrounding peoples. While maintaining the patrilineal system, the rabbis determined that in a mixed marriage, children inherit their mother's ethnicity, irrespective of her faith. This modification of the existing practice was effected in the frame of the rabbinic transition from a general “common-sense“ approach to halakic decisions to a “legal sense“ conceptualization. Examples from various rules support this thesis; conflicting scholarly opinions on both ethnicity and conversion issues are disputed.
DOI 10.1163/157006312X637865
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : History of Canaan-Israel : Periods : Persian Period : Ezra
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Literature : Genres and Forms : Genealogy
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Important Persons and Movements : Talmudic Period : Rabbinism : Themes
Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Ethnicity
Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Identity
Last modification 2017-10-27