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Bibil Identifier bibil:222575
Publication Type Journal article
Title (French, Long) Les deux « pentateuques » d'Esdras
Author Vermeylen, Jacques
Journal Vetus Testamentum (Volume: 62, Issue: 2)
Year (Publication) 2012
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2012
Year (Copyright) 2012
Year (Reference) 2012
Language French
Pages 248-275 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract When Ezra was sent to Jerusalem by the Persian authorities, he brought about a kind of revolution: he broke with Samaria after a century of good relationships and declared the Samarian wives of Jews to be pagans and therefore unclean. His new political and religious line must have provoked major resistance among Yehud’s elite. As was often the practice in such circumstances, he therefore produced propaganda documents, in order to convince opinion leaders to rally to his cause. His scribes composed the Pentateuch, using a number of existing documents: an older story already including dtr and P components in the books of Genesis, Exodus and Numbers; ritual laws; and Deuteronomy, separated from the rest of the Deuteronomistic History. Leviticus and, within Leviticus, the expulsion of the scapegoat were put at the center of this literary construction, mirroring the expulsion of the “pagan” wives. The remaining parts of the Deuteronomistic History were edited at the same occasion and with a similar goal, forming a second “Pentateuch”.
DOI 10.1163/156853312X632348
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : History of Canaan-Israel : Periods : Persian Period : Ezra
Thesaurus BiBIL : Books of the Old Testament : Pentateuch : Leviticus
Last modification 2017-10-27