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Bibil Identifier bibil:221460
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Once Again: The Niphal and the Hithpael of ברך in the Abrahamic Blessing for the Nations
Author Lee, Chee-Chiew
Journal Journal for the Study of the Old Testament (Volume: 36, Issue: 3)
Year (Publication) 2012
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2012
Year (Copyright) 2012
Year (Reference) 2012
Language English
Pages 279-296 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract The meaning of the Niphal and the Hithpael of ברך in the Abrahamic blessing for the nations (Gen. 12.3b; 18.18; 22.18; 26.4; 28.14) has been a long-standing debate among scholars. Traditionally, scholars have assumed that the variation of the wording is stylistic. Therefore, they have usually argued that the force of the verb is either passive, middle or direct reflexive consistently in all five instances. More recently, some scholars have proposed that the Niphal and the Hithpael of ברך bear distinct nuances, though they do not agree on those specific nuances. Based on grammatical evidence as well as support from the literary and narrative context of Genesis, this article argues that while the Niphal and the Hithpael of ברך largely overlap in their meaning, they also bear distinct nuances—the Niphal is passive (‘be blessed’) and the Hithpael is an indirect reflexive that bears an estimative-declarative force (‘regard themselves as blessed’). Finally, this article will also discuss the theological implications arising from such an understanding.
DOI 10.1177/0309089212437999
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Hebrew : Themes : Verb
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Literature : Genres and Forms : Blessing
Pericopes Genesis 12,3
Genesis 18,18
Genesis 22,18
Genesis 26,4
Genesis 28,14
Deuteronomy 29,18
Psalms 72,17
Isaiah 65,16
Jeremiah 4,2
Terms בָּרַך ברך
Last modification 2017-10-27