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Bibil Identifier bibil:221068
Publication Type Journal article
Title (French, Long) Josephus’ Account of John the Baptist: A Christian Interpolation?
Author Nir, Rivka
Journal Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus (Volume: 10, Issue: 1)
Year (Publication) 2012
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2012
Year (Copyright) 2012
Year (Reference) 2012
Language English
Pages 32-62 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract This essay provides fresh insight into the possibility that the passage in Josephus about John the Baptist (Jewish Antiquities, 18.116-119) was not written by Josephus himself. In making the case for its interpolation or adaptation by the hand of a writer representing an early Christian or Jewish-Christian sect, the essay focuses on how the text describes John's baptism and its distinguishing characteristics as well as the similarities it shares with immersions common amid early Christian or Jewish-Christian sects. Of particular importance to uncovering the theological identity of this baptism is its description as an external physical purification, whose efficacy is preconditioned by inner spiritual purification. This essay shows that baptism of this nature did not exist amid mainstream Jewish circles of the Second Temple period. Such baptism appeared and developed within sectarian groups on the margins of Judaism, as at Qumran. It was then carried on and practised by early Christian or Jewish-Christian groups in the first centuries ce.
DOI 10.1163/174551911X618885
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Religious Parties and Movements : Baptist Movements : John the Baptist
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Religious Parties and Movements : Hellenistic Judaism : Josephus
Last modification 2017-10-27