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Bibil Identifier bibil:221054
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Dealing with Tribes and States in Ancient Palestine
Title (English, ) A Critique on the Use of State Formation Theories in the Archaeology of Israel
Author Pfoh, Emanuel
Journal Scandinavian Journal of the Old Testament (Volume: 22, Issue: 1)
Year (Publication) 2008
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2008
Year (Copyright) 2008
Year (Reference) 2008
Language English
Pages 86-113 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract This paper offers a critique on state formation theories used in the explanation of the rise of the biblical United Monarchy. The last three decades of archaeological and biblical research have shown that there is no firm evidence for speaking of a kingdom or empire of David and Solomon in ancient Palestine. Thus what is proposed here is to evaluate the archaeological record through the data provided by the ethnological record of the Middle East, keeping the biblical stories apart from this interpretation. The analysis of the dynamics and structure of Middle Eastern “tribal states” and “chiefdom societies”, including here the practice of patronage bonds, gives us important keys for understanding Palestine's societies. The historical perspective that appears then is one different from the Bible's stories and from modern ideas such as “states” and “nations”, offering us instead a better methodology for reconstructing ancient Palestine's historical past.
DOI 10.1080/09018320802185127
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Themes : State
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : History of Canaan-Israel : Periods : United Monarchy (1030-933)
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Archaeology of Canaan-Israel : Periods : Bronze Age (3150-1200) : Late Bronze (1550-1200)
Last modification 2017-10-27