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Bibil Identifier bibil:220936
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) The Canonization of the Pentateuch: When and Why? (Part I)
Author Fantalkin, Alexander
Author Tal, Oren
Journal Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft (Volume: 124, Issue: 1)
Undefined link The Canonization of the Pentateuch: When and Why? (Continued, Part II)
Year (Publication) 2012
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2012
Year (Copyright) 2012
Year (Reference) 2012
Language English
Pages 1-18 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract The canonization of the Pentateuch has preoccupied scholars from different disciplines from antiquity to the present. However, two major questions still require an explanation: when did it happen and why did it happen? In this two-part article an attempt has been made to clarify these issues. Based on an interdisciplinary approach, where the insights of redaction criticism are merged with archaeologically-supported historical analysis, we suggest that the inception of the Torah-canonization should be viewed within the framework of the geopolitical transformation that characterized the first half of the fourth century BCE, when, following a major Egyptian rebellion, Egypt was no longer a part of the Persian Empire, while southern Palestine became the empire’s frontier for the first time in more than a century of Achaemenid rule. The canonization of the essentially anti-Egyptian version of the Torah in the early fourth century BCE should be considered as a conscious response of Jerusalem’s priestly circles to this new reality, signaling to the imperial authorities that they are dealing with loyal subjects that consider Egypt as a world of chaos, an antithesis to the world of cosmic order, so central to Persian imperial self-understanding.
DOI 10.1515/zaw-2012-0001
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Books of the Old Testament : Pentateuch
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Canon : History
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : History of Canaan-Israel : Periods : Persian Period
Last modification 2017-10-27