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Bibil Identifier bibil:220020
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Forked Parallelism in Egyptian, Ugaritic and Hebrew Poetry
Author Abbott, Richard
Journal Tyndale Bulletin (Volume: 62, Issue: 1)
Year (Publication) 2011
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2011
Year (Copyright) 2011
Year (Reference) 2011
Language English
Pages 41-64 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract A particular pattern of tricolon or triplet, sometimes known as forked parallelism, has been identified in Ugaritic and early Hebrew poetry. It has been suggested that it is a characteristic style of Canaanite or ancient Semitic poetry, and noted that in the Hebrew Bible its use declines dramatically outside the archaic and early examples of poetry. Hence it can be seen as a stylistic indicator suggesting authentic early composition of some portions of the Hebrew Bible. This paper shows that the pattern was also used as a regular feature in some genres of Egyptian poetry from the Old Kingdom through to the end of the New Kingdom. At that time it appears to have ceased being a device regularly used by Egyptian poets, in parallel with their counterparts in the Levant. Thus the use, and subsequent decline, of this pattern in Israel is a local reflection of a wider aesthetic choice rather than an isolated phenomenon. The structural uses of this and some other triplet patterns are reviewed, and some clear poetic purposes identified. This review also highlights some differences between the typical poetic use of triplets in Ugaritic, Hebrew and Egyptian. Some typical triplet patterns used in Ugaritic and Hebrew are not found in Egyptian sources.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Literature : Devices and Figures : Parallelism
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Egypt : Literature
Last modification 2017-10-27