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Bibil Identifier bibil:219730
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Did the Historical Jesus Prohibit All Oaths? Part 2
Author Meier, John P.
Journal Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus (Volume: 6, Issue: 1)
Undefined link Did the Historical Jesus Prohibit All Oaths? Part 1
Response article A Response to John P. Meier's 'Did the Historical Jesus Prohibit All Oaths?'
Response article The Prohibition of Oaths and Contra-scriptural Halakhot: A Response to John P. Meier
Year (Publication) 2008
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2008
Year (Copyright) 2008
Year (Reference) 2008
Language English
Pages 3-24 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract The total prohibition of oaths (Matt 5:34-37) come from the historical Jesus. The criterion of discontinuity argues that there is no parallel to Jesus' total prohibition of oaths in the Jewish Scriptures, the intertestamental literature prior to 70 C.E., or the NT. The Jewish Scriptures take oaths for granted and imposes them in a few cases. Apart from Jas 5:12, the NT knows of no prohibition; Paul uses oaths with abandon. The criterion of multiple attestation argues that Jas 5:12 represents an independent tradition of the prohibition; Jas 5:12 is parallel to Matt 5:34-37 in both content and structure; James has other examples of Jesus' sayings woven into his epistle without attribution; and Jas 5:12 is at odds with James' treatment of the Law in the rest of his epistle. Hence Jas 5:12 qualifies as an independent witness to an isolated stream of oral tradition preserving Jesus' prohibition. This is Part 2 of a two-part essay.
DOI 10.1163/174551908X265999
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : New Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Themes : Oath
Pericopes Matthew 5,34-5,37
James 5,12
Last modification 2017-10-27