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Bibil Identifier bibil:219558
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) The Iconographic Program of the Sculptures of Alacahöyük
Author Taracha, Piotr
Journal Journal of Ancient Near Eastern Religions (Volume: 11, Issue: 2)
Year (Publication) 2011
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2011
Year (Copyright) 2011
Year (Reference) 2011
Language English
Pages 132-147 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract The iconographic program of the sculptured friezes flanking the Sphinx Gate of Alacahöyük is analyzed based on numerous representations in Hittite art that may contribute to the understanding of the context and meaning of these carvings. It is argued that the cult and hunting scenes reflect the concept of the main triad of the Hittite state pantheon—Sun-goddess, Storm-god and Tutelary God, combining it with the new ideology of kingship of the later phase of the Empire period, which stresses the special ties between the king and the Tutelary God of the Countryside. Simultaneously, the lower frieze on the West Tower depicts the royal couple officiating at a cult ceremony presumably during a real local festival. Concerning the identification of Alacahöyük with one of Hittite holy towns, Arinna appears the best candidate. In fact, texts relating to the cult from Arinna enable us to interpret the Alacahöyük sculptures. These sculptures might represent the celebrations during the Great Festival in Arinna, which—as we know from the texts—was attended by the royal couple. There are historical and cultural arguments for dating the Sphinx Gate complex with its sculptures to the second half of the 13th century BC.
DOI 10.1163/156921211X603922
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Asia Minor (Hittites, Hurrians) : Hittites : Archaeology : 2d millennium
Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Iconography
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Ancient Near East (in general) : Religion : Goddess
Last modification 2017-10-27