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Bibil Identifier bibil:217440
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) The Ossuary of 'Miriam Daughter of Yeshua Son of Caiaphas, Priests [of] Maʿaziah from Beth ʾImri'
Author Zissu, Boaz
Author Goren, Yuval
Journal Israel Exploration Journal (Volume: 61, Issue: 1)
Undefined link Caïphe révélé par sa petite-fille
Year (Publication) 2011
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2011
Year (Copyright) 2011
Year (Reference) 2011
Language English
Pages 74-95 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract The Israel Antiquities Authority recently acquired a decorated limestone ossuary purportedly from a burial cave in the area of ʾElah Valley. An inscription, incised on the front of the ossuary, reads: מרים ברת ישוע בר קיפא כהנמ מעזיה מבית אמרי ('Miriam daughter of Yeshua son of Caiaphas, priests of Maʿaziah from Beth ʾImri'). The script is formal, of the style common in ossuary inscriptions in Jerusalem of the late Second Temple period. On palaeographic grounds, it should be dated to the late first century BCE or to the first century CE. The prime importance of the inscription lies in the reference to the ancestry of the deceased - the well-known family of Caiaphas priests active in the first century CE. The article discusses whether Beth Imri is a toponym or the name of a priestly family that settled there. The relatively careless execution of the design suggests that this ossuary was produced in a Judaean workshop and can be dated to 70-135 CE, a dating supported by two pottery oil-lamps apparently found in the burial cave. Since the ossuary in question was found in a controlled excavation and due to its importance, it was subjected to scientific analyses in order to address the question of authenticity. The examinations focused on the patina coating the stone surface, with emphasis on the inscribed area. The patination of the stone, in and around the inscription, indicates a complex process that occurred over a prolonged sequence of time, wich is extremely difficult, if not impossible, to replicate in laboratory conditions. It may be concluded, therefore, that the patina and the inscription should be considered authentic beyond any reasonable doubt.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Archaeology of Canaan-Israel : Themes : Ossuary
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Archaeology of Canaan-Israel : Periods : Roman Period (37 BCEE- 324 CE.) : Roman I (37 BCEE - 70 CE)
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Archaeology of Canaan-Israel : Themes : Dating Techniques
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Archaeology of Canaan-Israel : Sites : Sites (A ? B)
Last modification 2017-10-27