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Bibil Identifier bibil:217349
Publication Type Journal article
Title (French, Long) Eléphantine, ultime tragédie
Author Nutkowicz, H.
Journal Transeuphratène (Volume: 40)
Year (Publication) 2011
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2011
Year (Copyright) 2011
Year (Reference) 2011
Language French
Pages 185-198 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract In 410 BCE the temple of YHW at Elephantine is destroyed. And the last letter written by a member of the Judaean community dates from 399. Since after two centuries in Elephantine the community seems to have vanished. This paper tries to clarify the reasons which led to this tragedy and its consequences. The events happened while the Persian satrap Arsames had joined king Darius II. They are known through a letter to an unknown official just after, and a request for a letter of recommendation to rebuild the temple addressed by Jedanyah, the priests and all the Judaeans from Elephantine to Bagavahya governor of Judah, written three years after in 407, while a copy was sent to the two sons of Sanballat governor of Samaria. The relevant documents tell us about a plot between the Egyptian Khnoum priests and the local Persian authorities, the Chief Vidranga and his son Nafaina. But the question remains open as what really happened and why. Light is shed on the numerous reasons of the Egyptian priests9 project, those of the Governor of Judah to give now his agreement while three years before the Judaean community could neither obtain it from the High-Priest of Jerusalem nor from him and the political situation.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Egypt : Literature : Aramaic Papyri of Elephantine
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Themes : Diaspora
Last modification 2017-10-27