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Bibil Identifier bibil:213520
Publication Type Book
Title (English, Long) The Michal Affair
Title (English, ) From Zimri-Lim to the Rabbis
Author Bodi, Daniel
Series Hebrew Bible Monographs (Volume: 3)
Year (Publication) 2005
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2005
Year (Copyright) 2005
Year (Reference) 2005
Signature -
Publishing house Sheffield Phoenix Press
Place Sheffield
ISBN 1-905048-17-3
Edition number 1
Language English
Pages ix Pages
169 Pages
height in cm 23
Genre Original
Notes In collaboration with Brigitte Donnet-Guez.
Abstract This fresh approach to the story of Michal, daughter of Saul and wife of David, juxtaposes three quite different interpretative methods: narratological, historical, and history of traditions.
In his first chapter Bodi offers a subtle political reading of the Michal story, bringing to the fore the power-struggle between Saul and David that forms its main intrigue. Michal’s personal tragedy foreshadows that of the Israelite monarchy and prefigures its end. It is a unique phenomenon in ancient Near Eastern literature that the story of a woman should serve as a means of criticizing the abuses of the monarchy and deconstructing the royal ideology.
The second chapter compares the daughters of Saul and the daughters of Zimri-Lim. This eighteenth-century BCE tribal king of Mari offered his two daughters Kirum and Shimatum to the same vassal in order to be able to spy on him. Saul seems to have done something similar with his daughters Merab and Michal, both offered to David. The unhappy marriage of Kirum ended in divorce. Although the announcement of the divorce was made by her husband in a public ceremony, it was prompted by the royal princess—the first example of a divorce initiated by a woman in ancient Near Eastern texts.
The third chapter explores a rich variety of rabbinic interpretations of key moments in the Michal story. Important and often little known observations are drawn from both the Talmuds and from midrashic works such as Abrabanel and anthologies like Midrash Rabbah, Yalqut Shimoni, Meam Loez and Malbim, together with the comments by Rashi and Qimhi.
Both the narratological investigation and the rabbinic interpretations point to David’s guilt during his dance in front of the ark. The rabbis indeed attributed the exile of the nation to David’s misdeeds. A careful reading of the biblical texts dealing with the figure of David in his relationship with his first wife Michal reaches the same conclusion: He is not exactly the man he pretends to be.
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Themes : David
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Themes : Marriage
Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Themes : Woman
Pericopes 1 Samuel 18,20-18,28
1 Samuel 19,10-19,18
1 Samuel 25,42-25,44
2 Samuel 3,12-3,16
2 Samuel 6,16-6,23
1 Chronicles 15,29
2 Samuel 21,8-21,9
Last modification 2017-10-27