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Bibil Identifier bibil:213179
Publication Type Journal article
Title (German, Long) Behemot, Leviatan und der Mensch in Hiob 38–42
Author Ahuis, Ferdinand
Journal Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft (Volume: 123, Issue: 1)
Year (Publication) 2011
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2011
Year (Copyright) 2011
Year (Reference) 2011
Language German
Pages 72-91 Pages
Genre Original
Notes Contient des illustrations.
Abstract Behemot and Leviathan play a role which is central for the understanding of YHWH's answer to Job in chapters 38–42. They are not to be understood as an embodiment of YHWH's majesty, but instead as subject to YHWH in his majesty. Sub specie contrarii Leviathan and Behemot thereby cease to be a threat to the life or rather the sustenance of mankind; on the contrary by mastering these dangers YHWH shows his favour to mankind. Accordingly YHWH's answer is founded upon the twofold assertion of his majesty and grace in descriptive praise (as Westermann called the hymn), but it also includes, already in the first half, motifs from the creation of mankind. The speech of YHWH is to be understood as a reply to the laments of Job in ch. 3; 29–31, which they simultaneously address with a majestic challenge and a word of favour for Job. Together with the laments it represents a corrective to the narrative framework of the book, whose ending fits smoothly on to the YHWH-speech (when it is understood in this way) and the pre-redactional form of Job's response (Job 42,2.3b.5–6). The speeches of Job's friends already presuppose the sequence of lament and YHWH's response and seek to correct it.
DOI 10.1515/ZAW.2011.006
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Unbound Keywords : Leviathan
Pericopes Job 39-42
Last modification 2017-10-27