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Bibil Identifier bibil:213126
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Which "All" Sinned? Rom 3:23-24 Reconsidered
Author Johnston, J. William
Journal Novum Testamentum. An International Quarterly for New Testament and Related Studies (Volume: 53, Issue: 2)
Year (Publication) 2011
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2011
Year (Copyright) 2011
Year (Reference) 2011
Language English
Pages 153-164 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract Because πᾶς is a rather elastic pronominal adjective, the sense and scope of “all” must be carefully handled in context. The expression “all have sinned” in Rom 3:23 is tightly focused on “all who believe” in Rom 3:22, thus making more of Jew-Gentile relations in the early church than providing a prooftext of universal condemnation. Such a recognition also helps clarify that 3:24 is from Paul rather than traditional material. While it is undoubtedly true Paul sees the whole of humanity as condemned (cf. Rom 5:12), the scope of “all” is without distinction more than it is without exception.
DOI 10.1163/156853610X492983
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : New Testament (Introduction) : Theology : Themes : Universalism
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Christianity : Themes : Jewish-Christian Relations
Pericopes Romans 3,23-3,24
Last modification 2017-10-27