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Bibil Identifier bibil:212023
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) Onias IV and the ἀδέσποτος ἱερός: Placing Antiquities 13.62-73 into the Context of Ptolemaic Land Tenure
Author Last, Richard
Journal Journal for the Study of Judaism (Volume: 41, Issue: 4-5)
Year (Publication) 2010
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2010
Year (Copyright) 2010
Year (Reference) 2010
Language English
Pages 494-516 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract Josephus' narrative of Onias IV in Ant. 13.62-73 is an account of a Judean refugee who flees to Egypt and manages to acquire land in both Alexandria and Heliopolis. He is also given the authority to construct a temple on his Heliopolis property, which Josephus describes to have previously been ἀδέσποτος. This is a technical term used in the papyri and by classical authors to designate ownerless property, which could be acquired legally only by purchase at the public auction and, in the Roman period, also directly from the idios logos. Scholars have long endeavoured to reconstruct the history behind Josephus' narrative of the temple of Onias, but they have yet to investigate the function of this technical term within the larger narrative of Ant. 13.62-73, nor the insights that it might provide regarding the historicity of the account. The present article enters into the world of Ptolemaic land tenure in order to contextualize Josephus' account of Onias' acquisition of an ownerless temple. It demonstrates that Josephus' story of Onias' temple is more nuanced than previously thought.
DOI 10.1163/157006310X529236
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : History of Canaan-Israel : Periods : Hellenistic Period (333-63) : From the 2d cent. to the Roman Dominion (200-63) : Maccabees (167-135)
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Religious Parties and Movements : Hellenistic Judaism : Josephus
Thesaurus BiBIL : Ancient Near East : Egypt : History and Civilization : Hellenistic Period (Ptolemaic)
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Themes : Temple
Last modification 2017-10-27