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Bibil Identifier bibil:212022
Publication Type Journal article
Title (English, Long) The Title Ethnarch in Second Temple Period Judea
Author Sharon, Nadav
Journal Journal for the Study of Judaism (Volume: 41, Issue: 4-5)
Year (Publication) 2010
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2010
Year (Copyright) 2010
Year (Reference) 2010
Language English
Pages 472-493 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract The title Ethnarch appears in Second Temple sources in reference to four Judean rulers: Simon the Hasmonean, John Hyrcanus, Hyrcanus II, and Archelaus, son of Herod. This evidence is usually taken for granted. However, a meticulous analysis of the sources shows that we should not rely on the evidence pertaining to the early Hasmoneans (Simon and John Hyrcanus), and it rather seems that the title was first employed only by the Romans (probably Julius Caesar) for Hyrcanus II. The paper further asserts that this title exemplifies a unique perception of the Jewish people by the Romans. Additionally, the paper notes some ramifications that this understanding of the title Ethnarch and the view which it exemplifies may have on certain issues of the Second Temple period.
DOI 10.1163/157006310X529254
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Old Testament (Introduction) : History of Canaan-Israel : Periods : Hellenistic Period (333-63) : From the 2d cent. to the Roman Dominion (200-63) : Hasmoneans : Hyrcanus II et Aristobuluss II
Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Graeco-Roman World : History and Civilization : Attitude Toward Jews/Judaism
Terms ἐθνάρχης εθναρχης
Last modification 2017-10-27