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Bibil Identifier bibil:211939
Publication Type Journal article
Title (French, Long) De la grotte au grenier. Rabbi Eleʻazar ben Rabbi Shimʻon. Un rabbin entre deux mondes
Author Costa, José
Journal Revue des études juives (Volume: 169, Issue: 3-4)
Year (Publication) 2010
Year (Original (1st Edition)) 2010
Year (Copyright) 2010
Year (Reference) 2010
Language French
Pages 375-417 Pages
Genre Original
Abstract This paper deals with two well known and frequently commented talmudic stories: the sojourn of Rabbi Shim‘on ben Yoḥay and his son Rabbi Ele‘azar in a cave (TB, Shabbat, 33b-34a) and the misadventures of Rabbi Ele‘azar himself (TB, Baba Meṣi‘a, 83b et 84b). One point was however overlooked in the commentaries: the strong affinities between the two texts. These ones are not hagiographies or satires because they present a certain type of mystical rabbi, which is problematic but not totally rejected. One can find in the two stories four main topics: the careless word, the degradation of the body and the turning away from the world, the sojourn in an ambivalent place, between two worlds and the miracle. It is probably the same Babylonian author who used Palestinian materials to build the two narratives, according to the quadruple structure already seen. Other biblical or rabbinic figures show the same features than our rabbis 'between two worlds': Moses, Elijah and Rabbi Eli‘ezer ben Horqenos, in the famous story of the oven of ‘Akhnay.
DOI 10.2143/REJ.169.3.2061163
Keywords Thesaurus BiBIL : Milieu : Ancient Judaism : Literature : Talmud (Babli and Yerushalmi)
Last modification 2017-10-27